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    Join Date
    Dec 2012
    Islamabad, Pakistan

    The Polio Conundrum

    The horrific killing of vaccinators in Pakistan last week has raised fears that polio is going to get out of control like a raging fire. That is, until something dramatically different was done to deal with, or even work around, the worsening security situation. I sincerely hope these fears prove unfounded but a good attempt at taking stock of the disease control program is due anyways.

    Polio (poliomyelitis) mainly affects children under five years of age. One in 200 infections leads to irreversible paralysis. Among those paralyzed, 5 per cent to 10 per cent die when their breathing muscles become immobilized. As long as even one child remains infected, children in all countries are at risk of contracting polio. Failure to eradicate polio from the last remaining strongholds could result in as many as 200,000 new cases every year, within 10 years, all over the world.

    In 2012, only three countries in the world remain polio-endemic: Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan. It was in 1994 that the WHO Region of the Americas was certified polio-free, followed by the WHO Western Pacific Region in 2000 and the WHO European Region in June 2002. Polio control campaign in Pakistan has been a mixed bag of success and failure over the years but now in all likelihood it is going to spread fast and reappear even in places where it was previously eliminated.
    read more at : The Polio Conundrum | Blog | DAWN.COM

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