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    Cancer: Quick Facts

    Cancer is a generic term for a large group of diseases in which cells in a part of the body begin to grow rapidly and can then invade adjoining parts of the body and spread to other organs.

    Common themes for cancer awareness are prevention, detection and treatment. Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. The World Health Organization, WHO, estimates that 84 million people will die of cancer between 2005 and 2015 without intervention. Deaths from all cancers worldwide are expected to continue rising, with an estimated 12 millions deaths by 2030.

    The most frequent types of cancers vary amongst men and women.
    - Among men: lung, stomach, liver, colorectal, esophagus and prostate.
    - Among women: breast, lung, stomach, colorectal and cervical.



    Cancer can be caused by genetics or external agents such as physical, biological and chemical carcinogens.

    • Some common risk factors for cancer include:
    • Tobacco use
    • Physical inactivity
    • Overweight or obese
    • Alcohol use
    • Unhealthy diet
    • Aging
    • Viruses- such as HPV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C
    • Urban air pollution



    Prevention of Cancer
    At least one-third of cancers are preventable.

    Some prevention strategies include:
    • Reducing your exposure to the risk factors
    • Getting vaccinated against HPV and Hepatitis B virus
    • Controlling occupational hazards
    • Reducing exposure to sunlight


    Signs and symptoms, which may include lumps, sores, persistent indigestion, and persistent coughing, will depend on:
    • Where the cancer is
    • How big the cancer is
    • How much it affects the organs or tissues



    It is crucial to recognize the early signs of cancer and seek prompt medical attention for symptoms.

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